Bid’at-i hasana vs. Bid’at-i seyyia

Assalamu aleikum dear bloggers,

“He who inaugurates a good practice (sanna fil-islam sunnatun hasana) in Islam earns the reward of it, and of all who perform it after him, without diminishing their own rewards in the least. ” Tirmidhi on Hadeeth-sherif.

Up until recently, I did not know the night of Mawlid was a bid’at (innovation). My whole life, my family and many Muslims I know held that day dear to their hearts.

Mawlid

After I was “schooled” by a fellow blogger 😉 , I decided to dive in and dig deeper because our household frown upon bid’ats. For me a bid’at is a bid’at, and there was no way to sugar coat it. I had the mentality of “You stole, you stole. We don’t care about the reason why.” Furthermore, our prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said “All bid’ats are aberration, deviation from the right way.” So, I was confused and was in serious doubt now after the fatwas I was provided with.

Upon my researches, I discovered that there are two forms of bid’at. One is called bid’at-i hasana (good innovation that occurred in the first century-hijri) and the other is called bid’at-i seyyia (bad innovations that occurred later on). According to Hussein Hilmi Ishik, Imam-i Rabbani called good bid’ats sunna-i hasana.

In addition, Mawlid is considered a bid’at-i hasana because it fosters the recitation of the Qu’ran Karim and the praises of our prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). Muhammad means ‘He who is praised much’ (Hussein Hilmi Ishik, 2011). According to this scholar cited before, frowning upon Mawlid is like frowning upon recitations of eulogies of our dear Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). I agree with him on that because he has a point. We have to make a judgement call here and think, is this practice of Mawlid advancing or regressing Islam? The question will always be advancing Islam if you ask me.

“He who inaugurates a good practice (sanna fil-islam sunnatun hasana) in Islam earns the reward of it, and of all who perform it after him, without diminishing their own rewards in the least. ” Tirmidhi.

Having said that, there are many practices during that night that need change. For instance, the crowd of men and women standing outside “hanging out” together…socializing instead of listening to the message being given that night. About three years ago, I started praying at home anyways on these days. Plus, crowds make me uneasy… <—not innovating here, just a personal choice to pray home. Besides, a woman gets more rewards for the prayers she performs in her home compared to the ones she performs outside her home ;).

Jazak’Allah khair for reading and  Allah knows best!

Papatia Feauxzar

Author of “Between Sisters, SVP!”

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About Papatia

Papatia Feauxzar is an Author and Muslim Publisher who holds a Master degree in Accounting with a concentration in Personal Finance. She now works from home alhamdullilah. You can visit her website at www.djarabikitabs.com or her sister's website www.fofkys.com
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9 Responses to Bid’at-i hasana vs. Bid’at-i seyyia

  1. mshabazz33 says:

    Asalam walikhum. There is actually no such thing as bidah hasana as that itself is an innovation as well. The Prophet Muhammad (Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him) said: “Beware of newly invented matters, for EVERY invented matter is an innovation and EVERY innovation is a going astray, and EVERY going astray is in Hell-fire.” [Abu Dawud & At-Tirmidhi]

    No where did the prophet say some or little or there is good. I know there are people who say, there is good innovation but that itself is an innovation. People say, there is such a thing as bidah hasana because Umar Ibn Al-Khattab and the taraweeh salah. That is not true. The tarawee salah is not bidah hasana at all. It was something that the Prophet Muhammad (Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him) used to come at some nights and not come at some nights and pray in ramadan, late at night. People would see and begin to pray behind him. One night, he did not come out and the companions had gotten worried that he has not come out. There was a massive gathering of companions. He came out at Fajr time and told his companions, sometimes you pray, sometimes you don’t. I don’t want this to become an obligation upon my ummah.

    I suggest you look further into these matters and watch lectures by those scholars or sheikhs who have vast knowledge on this subject matter, instead of being misguided. The mawlid is an innovation and again, only happened several hundreds years after the Prophet had passed away. None of the companions practiced the mawlid. If you want to follow in the footsteps of the Prophet, then it is best to follow the sunnah, which is clear and not in the grey areas.

    I will post two videos and I suggest you watch them to get a better understanding on bidah and the mawlid.

    Bidah

    Mawlid

    Bidah Hasana

    Like

    • Papatia says:

      Wa aleikum salam brother,

      I value your opinion and inputs but we will have to agree-to-disagree on this subject like many grown-ups discussions are. There are a lot of gray areas in Islam, and this is one of them. A lot of scholars interpret scriptures differently and that does not them less worthy of each others. Islam is like a piece of shattered glass (or mirror) to where we each hold a piece of it that is true. As I strive to gain more knowledge in Islam, there are compelling hadeeth al-sheriff supporting both our claims. I hope I don’t come off as harsh or shoving my values down anybody’s throat…
      I don’t know the answers to everything. I am still a work-in-progress individual.

      Shukran,
      Papatia.F

      Like

      • mshabazz33 says:

        Walikhumsalam. This is not a grey area as it has been explained in those lectures and was explained yesterday from the fatwa by the sheikh I posted yesterday. Sufyaan At Tawaree said: Sufyaan ath-Thawree (radi Allahu ‘anhu) (d. 161H) said: “Innovation is more beloved to Iblees (Satan) than sin, since a sin may be repented from but innovation is not repented from.” Reported by al-Lalikaa’ee (no. 238) it is best to stay away from the grey areas and follow what has been authenticated by the messenger of Allah and his companions. The mawlid did not Come into practice 400 years after through prophet had died. There has not been a single report of any authentic hadith that prove the mawlid is permissible.

        The word every means every innovation. Not some or maybe those ones. That is why it is every innovation is in the hellfire and not some. If you agree there is bidah hasanah, would agree there is shirk hasanah? Obviously not because it goes against what Islam teaches. Same with bidah hasanah. Every means every. These are words of the messenger of Allah. Not a scholar after him but himself. Again, it is best to follow what is authentic because every thing that is not established in the sunnah, thinking you’ll be rewarded for, you won’t. I only tell you this because I care and you are my sister in islam. I only wish to guide to the straight path and that is it.

        Like

  2. mshabazz33 says:

    Also, the hadith you’ve posted from Tirmidhi is actually from Shahih Muslim and even the one posted says Sunnah Hasanah. It does not say, bidah hasanah. In order for it to be valid and followed, it would have to say bidah hasanah but instead says, sunnah hasanah so that is not proof for bidah hasanah, as those are two different wordings, even arabic.

    Whoever starts in Islam a good practice (sunnah hasanah) and is emulated by others in doing so will get the reward of it and the reward of all those who act upon it without their rewards being diminished in any respect. And whosoever starts in Islam an evil practice (sunnah sayyi’ah) and is emulated by others will bear the sin of it and the sin of all those who act on it without their burden being diminished in the least. [Sahîh Muslim]

    No where does the hadith state bidah hasanah. That evidence is clear sister. I don’t mean no harm 🙂

    Like

  3. As salaamu ‘alaikum.

    Please spare sometime and read through this article…

    [Bid’ah Hasanah] Good Innovations
    http://islammessageofpeace.wordpress.com/2014/01/18/bidah-hasanah-good-innovations/

    Jazaak Allaahu khairan

    Like

  4. Rabab Maher (^_^) رباب ماهر says:

    Ibn ‘Umar reported that the Prophet (PBUH) said, ‘Do not prevent your women from going to the mosque, although their homes are better for them (for their prayers).’ – Related by Abu Dāwûd

    With Sweet Blessings and Warm Du’ās Papatia (^_^)

    Like

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